One of the most important things for Landscaping is Durability. We have listed out different types of timbers and their character, grouped by colour below. It is worth noting that sapwood is not durable at all when talking about the durability, we are referring to the heartwood. Occasionally some boards will have a small amount of sap on the edge and this will either needed to be removed prior to use or it will eventually rot.
All timber, if left outside un-coated, will naturally turn a silvery-grey colour. This is a natural process as the outer layers of the timber cellulose get exposed to the weather.
The timber will also, split, check and warp, but depending on the species this may not be too noticeable. One way to reduce weathering and distorting of timber is to coat it with a protective product, Refer to our Coatings page for outdoors.
One of the main things to consider when trying to decide whether to coat your timber or leave it to weather naturally is, if you are willing to maintain periodically. All exterior coatings will need maintenance on an annual basis (usually just a good clean), and they will require re-coating every 6 months to 5 years, depending on the coating and its exposure to the elements.
Timbers Suitable for Exterior Use
|Colour ||Timber ||Durability |
|Yellow ||Yellow Cedar ||Very Durable |
|Yellow / Light reddish-brown ||Balau ||Durable |
|Golden yellow / Light brown ||Macrocarpa ||Moderately Durable above ground |
|Golden yellow / Light brown ||Oregon ||Moderately Durable |
|Golden yellow / Light brown ||Totra ||Very Durable |
|Light Pink ||Taun ||Moderately Durable |
|Pink ||Saligna ||Durable above ground |
|Pink / Light brown ||Cedrela ||Durable |
|Light brown ||Sapele Mahogany ||Durable |
|Light brown ||Vitext ||Durable |
|Light brown ||Western Red Cedar ||Durable |
|Straw brown ||Pilularis (Black Butt) ||Durable |
|Medium brown ||Teak ||Very Durable |
|Grey to Reddish/dark brown ||Spotted Gum ||Durable |
|Yellow, fading to Dark brown ||Iroko ||Durable |
|Red, fading to Dark Brown ||Bubinga ||Durable |
|Red/Redish-brown, fading to Dark Brown ||Jarrah ||Durable |
|Red/Redish-brown, fading to Dark Brown ||Padauk ||Durable |
|Red/Redish-brown, fading to Dark Brown ||Rosewood ||Very Durable |
|Red/Redish-brown / Dark Brown ||Kwila ||Durable |
New Zealand grown Radiata Pine modified to the core by a non-toxic, proprietary acetylation process.
A hard and very durable timber with rich reddish-brown color tones, typical uses include heavy construction, general joinery, boat building and other marine applications.
The heartwood is yellowish-brown, brown or dark red, red-brown, turning to a dark red-brown with age. The wood is hard and heavy, the texture is moderately coarse but even and the grain may be straight or interlocked and is often wavy.
Taun or Akwa
Akwa is native to south-west pacific region and is major commercial timber species of Solomon Island. the colour of Akwa ranges from pale pinkish- brown to reddish-brown. some trees produce a fiddleback type figure and it is very attractive and appealing.
Western Red Cedar
A Premium durable timber known for its superior stability, for doors, windows, louvers, exterior cladding, weatherboards, shakes and shingles, nothing performs as well as Western Red Cedar in these situations.
Spotted Gum is trong, durable and is a popular australian hardwood. it is often used in exterior projects as well as variety of structural and internal applications.